The next four years are going to be the most crucial in Australia’s history.
In a country where there is a climate crisis, it is a time to take action and change course.
It is also a time for politicians to look at the future.
It’s a time where we must build on the successes and the lessons we have learned from the past.
And it’s a chance to get to grips with the reality that climate change is a problem that we are all going to have to confront.
So here are some of the key issues that need to be addressed in our four years.
A key moment The first time the Australian government proposed the carbon tax in 2000 was the election.
Then came the election of Tony Abbott and the election that followed.
It was a very different political climate in Australia at the time.
The climate crisis had been brewing for a decade, but in the lead up to the election the Rudd Government had spent more time and energy arguing that Australia should adopt a carbon tax.
In particular, the carbon price was a political wedge issue, something the Rudd government had long argued was important for its support.
It had been trying to drum up support for a carbon price by saying it would stimulate the economy.
The Rudd Government was the first to propose the carbon pricing, and in the process, it was pushed into a political corner.
At the time, climate change deniers were very much in control.
They were well organised and very powerful.
There was also a belief in the political class that the carbon market would bring in a $2 billion a year increase in carbon taxes over five years.
That’s a lot of money to put into a carbon market that was being pushed by a political group that had never been involved in a climate change debate in the past, let alone a government-sponsored one.
The carbon price debate was, in effect, a campaign against the Rudd Labor government’s position.
The government was seen as the enemy of the climate.
The idea was that the Rudd Liberal Government would have been too weak on climate change, too soft on energy and too soft with the mining industry, to be able to enact the carbon-pricing measures it wanted.
This was a major argument in the Rudd election campaign.
There were a number of major climate policy challenges ahead.
The first was to develop a policy to replace the current coal seam gas (CSG) industry.
CSG is a fossil fuel that emits carbon dioxide and is linked to climate change.
It has a huge economic impact on the Australian economy.
In 2020, Australia had to deal with CSG emissions, which were projected to rise by 7 per cent to 11.6 billion tonnes by 2023.
It would take decades for Australia to transition to renewable energy.
The second challenge was to transition Australia away from coal.
There had been much discussion about the economic benefits of renewable energy, but it was not until the coal seam gold rush of the 1960s that coal became economically unviable.
The last time coal was economically viable was in the mid-1980s, when the peak in coal production was about 10 per cent above its pre-war level.
There have been major changes in the economics of coal mining.
There is now a huge shift to hydraulic fracturing, which uses high-pressure water to extract coal from underground deposits.
This involves injecting water and sand at high pressure into the ground to break up coal and release the carbon dioxide gas.
This has reduced emissions, but has also forced many industries to reduce the use of coal in the future and shift towards renewables.
The third challenge was that of climate change adaptation.
The Australian Government had to develop an adaptation plan.
It needed to plan for the effects of climate changes on the environment and develop a national strategy.
The Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Plan (CCAMP) was developed under the Howard Government and came into effect in 2010.
It called for a national carbon pricing scheme, an emissions trading scheme and the construction of a network of climate-smart public transport.
The CCAMP was supposed to provide a roadmap for the implementation of Australia’s climate policies in the years ahead.
It took more than a decade to be implemented, and by the time the Rudd Governments first announced their carbon price in 2008, it had already been a decade and a half.
The fourth challenge was climate change management.
In the late 1990s, Australia was the only country in the world that had a comprehensive climate-security plan.
This included a carbon cap-and-trade scheme that was supposed be in place for the entire country by 2020.
This scheme, called the Clean Energy Guarantee, was supposed not only to cover all emissions, including those that were emitted by mining, but also to ensure that the money spent on climate-related projects was spent on those that could benefit from the emissions.
In some respects, Australia’s emissions were under-estimated.
We had a large gap in our emissions budget that was not being fully covered.